As a dentist in the UK, having the right dental instruments is essential to providing quality patient care. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or just starting your dental practice, it’s important to understand the different types of dental instruments and their uses. In this article, we’ll explore the different types of dental instruments in UK, their functions, and how to choose the right ones for your practice.

Examination Instruments

Examination instruments are essential for assessing a patient’s oral health. Dental mirrors and probes are commonly used for examining teeth, gums, and the surrounding tissues. Explorers and periodontal probes are used to detect tooth decay, cavities, and gum disease. These instruments come in various sizes and shapes, including straight, angled, and curved.

Restorative Instruments

Restorative dental instruments are used for filling cavities, shaping teeth, and placing dental materials. This category includes dental handpieces, burs, excavators, and composite placement instruments. Handpieces are the most commonly used restorative instrument, and they come in different speeds, shapes, and sizes. High-speed handpieces are used for cutting and shaping teeth, while low-speed handpieces are used for polishing and finishing restorations.

Periodontal Instruments

Periodontal instruments are used for cleaning teeth and removing plaque and calculus from below the gum line. This category includes scalers, curettes, and periodontal probes. Scalers are used to remove plaque and calculus from the teeth, while curettes are used to clean the tooth roots and remove diseased tissue. Periodontal probes are used to measure the depth of the gum pockets around teeth.

Orthodontic Instruments

Orthodontic instruments are used for straightening and aligning teeth. This category includes pliers, cutters, and wire bending instruments. Orthodontic pliers are used for adjusting wires, while cutters are used for cutting wires and other materials. Wire bending instruments are used for shaping wires and other orthodontic appliances.

Endodontic Instruments

Endodontic instruments are used for performing root canal procedures. This category includes files, reamers, and broaches. Endodontic files are used for removing the infected pulp from the tooth, while reamers are used for enlarging the root canal. Broaches are used for removing debris from the root canal.

Dental Instruments

Selection of Dental Instruments

When selecting dental instruments for your practice, it’s important to consider factors such as quality, durability, and ergonomics. High-quality dental instruments are more durable and require less frequent replacement, which can save you money in the long run. Ergonomic instruments can help reduce the risk of hand and wrist injuries among dental professionals.

Products Offered by Suppliers

The range of products offered by dental equipment suppliers is also an essential consideration. The best suppliers offer a broad selection of products, including the latest technology and innovative solutions. They should also provide comprehensive support and training to ensure that dental practices can make the most of their investments.


In conclusion, having the right dental instruments is crucial to providing quality patient care as a dentist in the UK. It’s important to understand the different types of dental instruments available and their functions, as well as consider factors such as quality, durability, and ergonomics when selecting instruments for your practice. With the right dental instruments, you can provide efficient, effective, and comfortable dental treatment for your patients.